The scoring system described could be useful in identifying the risk of dementia in patients undergoing dialysis, helping healthcare professionals determine whether comprehensive neurocognitive tests are required.
Why this matters
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are vulnerable to a range of neurological disorders, including dementia.
The kidneys and the brain share similar microvascular structures, making both susceptible to vascular injury.
If patients are on dialysis, there is a moderate to severe risk of cognitive impairment.
However, most nephrologists and dialysis staff do not recognize cognitive changes in patients with CKD, suggesting that a scoring system may be useful to identify the risk of dementia in patients undergoing dialysis.